Opinion: It’s Times for West Hollywood to Reimagine Its Public Safety Services

Sheriff’s deputies monitoring the June 14 All Black Lives Matter demonstration on Santa Monica Boulevard

I always felt that John Lennon’s song “Imagine” was hopelessly naïve, but it never ceased to inspire.  In these days when the streets are awash with angry and hopeful demonstrators, we are being asked to re-imagine law enforcement.

Those calls are easy to dismiss; demands to defund law enforcement and reallocate funds to social services seem unrealistic.  We are quick to dismiss radically changing law enforcement as we know it because this is all we know.  It has been pounded into our heads since we were children that a heavily armed, quasi-military presence is the only thing that will guarantee the safety of our homes and insure we are not murdered in our beds.   

But you only have to look around to wonder if all that is necessarily true.  How many times have you seen five or six Sheriff’s SUVs careening down Santa Monica responding to a call that a homeless person is passed out on the sidewalk?  Frankly I have lost count.  With a $20 million price tag for Sheriffs’ services, looking at other alternatives just seems prudent.

Undoubtedly there is an occasional need for an armed response.  But most calls are not for violent crimes in progress, such as murders, assaults or robberies.  So if law enforcement is dealing with a neighbor to neighbor dispute, arresting a shop lifter or pulling over a speeding driver, why do you need a heavily armed response? 

I suppose that if you were taken hostage by a knife-wielding assailant you might need an armed response.  But that does not mean you should call the Sheriff. After all that was the situation a couple of years back on Palm Avenue.  When two young men escaped their hostage taker, they ran out of the upper unit apartment screaming “don’t shoot.”  The deputies inexplicably opened fire, killing one man and wounding the other.  This was despite the fact that a deputy with a bean bag gun was on the scene so the deputies could have deployed less than deadly force.  It is unclear why the deputies felt threatened in the first place.  Needless to say this tragic farce cost the county tax payers, (you and me), millions of dollars.  Certainly it calls into question if we are any safer just because we have a local SWAT team at our disposal. 

Liam Mulligan being removed after being shot by a deputy at 939 N. Palm Ave. in 2014 (Photo by Jon Viscott)

Then there is the tragic case of the intoxicated man who in Georgia who fell asleep in his car while in a Wendy’s drive through.  Supposedly he grabbed an officer’s taser and tried to run away.  He was shot and killed because the officer thought the man might taser him.  That is assuming a drunk could figure out how to use a taser.  But does the threat of being tazed the equivalent to being shot to death?  Would you let yourself get tazed rather than kill someone?  What would have happened had law enforcement let the guy run away?  They had his car.  This guy was going to have to explain to his wife the next morning why the car was not in the driveway.  Eventually he would have to come in and if he failed to re-claim it, what would be the great issue?  His impounded car would have been sold which may have been punishment enough for the crime of falling asleep in his car.  There had to be a better way to handle this situation.

We often hear that law enforcement is viewed as an army of occupation in poor neighborhoods.  If you want to change that perception, perhaps a rather minor reform would be to stop allowing law enforcement to ape the military.  Our Sheriff refers to his staff as his “troops”.  His collar is loaded with stars as if he were Gen. Douglas McArthur, and he is often just as arrogant and pompous.  The ranks of the deputies mirror the military as do their uniforms.  It is difficult to change attitudes when the uniform reflects an “in the trenches” warrior mentality.  The notion of the “thin blue line” has become outdated and counter productive. 

The very character of West Hollywood was shaped by law enforcement, or at least the lack thereof. In the 1920s the sleepy rail depot of Sherman transformed itself into playground of the stars, the bohemian and the underworld. The enactment of Prohibition in 1919 was coupled with the lack of Sheriffs’ presence in our tiny enclave, whose most endearing trait was that we were outside the city limits of Los Angeles and thus outside the jurisdiction of the LAPD. A combination of benign neglect and corruption allowed the Strip to flourish. Prohibition created the Sunset Strip and city’s free wheeling traditions.

After WWII gay bars flourished in West Hollywood as the Sheriffs’ department undoubtedly benefited from protection payoffs which seemed benign compared to the LAPD’s overtly homophobic mindset. It was not that the Sheriff’s Department was a particularly less homophobic organization, it was simply more practical.

But the question of who polices the police has plagued West Hollywood since we incorporated in 1984.

While West Hollywood bars were not as susceptible to raids as gay bars in Los Angeles, when the city was incorporated the Sheriff was still far from a progressive bastion of law enforcement. In the early 1990s Bruce Boland was a closeted Sheriff’s deputy. But back then one’s sexual orientation was always an issue of interest, and once the Department figured out Boland was gay his days as a deputy were numbered. After years of petty harassment and lack of back up, he was set up and charged with an illegal arrest of a drug dealer at Danny’s Oki Dog’s, a notorious hustler hang out on the Eastside. Boland was fired.

The demand for Boland’s reinstatement became a rallying cry for community activists. John Duran represented Boland in his suit against the Sheriff’s Department while I represented him in his lawsuit against his union, ALADS, which failed to provide for his legal defense during his suspension hearings. While Council members John Heilman and Abbe Land constantly assured us that they were “working behind the scenes,” their lack of public pressure on the Sheriff’s Department under cut our efforts to get Boland reinstated. This was just one early example of how our “progressive” City Council has historically been reticent to confront the Sheriffs Department.

Eventually Boland was reinstated and returned to patrol in West Hollywood. Approximately a year later Boland succumbed to AIDS. The maudlin plaque in the West Hollywood station does nothing to celebrate the courage of his pioneering stance.

Even the rainbow logos marking our patrol cars were subject to controversy. Created by Charlie Makinney, our late city manager, in the late 90s, the appearance of the logos was ecstatically greeted by the community. Unfortunately, our deputies were teased when they went to other jurisdictions and, without notifying the city, the logos were being quietly removed. I was alerted to this by a volunteer at the station and it was confirmed by a deputy.

But when I raised the issue, the City Council refused to confront the Sheriff on this issue.  My motion to demand the reinstatement of the logos was defeated in a four-to-one vote, even though we had a four-person gay majority.  The City Council was simply not going to confront the Sheriff’s Department.  But I was not defeated.  The community outrage was swift and furious.  The logos quickly returned, but it was hardly one of the City Council’s greatest moments. 

Does anyone seriously believe that our City Council is serious about policing the police? Every attempt by the Public Safety Commission to create some sort of accountability is inevitably quashed. The City Council has abdicated oversight responsibility. ALADS, the union for the Sheriff’s deputies, bases its political endorsements on a lack of vigilance and has thus transformed most of the City Council into a cheer leading section for the Sheriff’s Department. In West Hollywood, when it comes to law enforcement oversight, silence equals re-election. We deserve better.

I am not anti-Sheriff.  I have friends who are deputies,  and I have represented scores of deputies in my family law practice.  I have great respect for most deputies I have interacted with over the last 30-plus years from COPPS team leader Jimmy Ferrell to Lt. Bill Moulder.  Back in 1992, when there was a ballot measure to create a West Hollywood Police Department, I was a co-spokesperson along with Abbe Land, for “Save Our Sheriff.”

But when you take the long view, how our community has been policed is largely depends upon who is captain. I have seen over a dozen captains over the decades and they range from the highly engaged to the mediocre. I would rate Bill Magnin, who was captain here in the late 1990s, as one of the best, and he played a huge role in cleaning up the Eastside. His quiet competency and professional integrity somehow made him a threat to the clique around Sheriff Lee Baca, and Bill was essentially drummed out of the department. I liked Lynda Castro who was genuine in her care for this community. We are currently lucky to have a proactive leader in Ed Ramirez, and we have seen important restructuring in how the Sheriff patrols our community under his leadership.

But the quality and professionalism of the services we receive from the Sheriffs Department should not be subject to who happens to be captain.

West Hollywood is in a unique position to experiment with a new type of community-based law enforcement. We are a relatively safe community where people walk their dogs after 11 p.m. Not to make light of our issues, but often they are more quality of life than public safety. We don’t have to get rid of the Sheriff, at least not immediately. But we could create a parallel organization within City Hall, a new Community Safety Division, that could take over much of the policing from the Sheriff and ultimately allow us to replace the Sheriff with a community-oriented entity.

I would love to have a community-based law enforcement organization that is long on humanism and short on intimidation.  We are long past the notion that banning choke holds and more sensitivity training will suffice.  

WeHo’s security ambassadors (Photo by Richard Best, courtesy of WeHo Sheriff’s Station).

West Hollywood could have law enforcement conducted by professionals that are lightly armed or even unarmed to patrol our streets, much as our Security Ambassadors do now. The only difference is that these employees would have the power to arrest and issue citations. They could take over 90% of the calls from the Sheriff’s Department. They could patrol for moving violations and drunk drivers (you don’t need heavily armed deputies to issue speeding tickets.) We would have homeless specialists as part of the force. We could ensure that our organization had less focus on use of force and more on how to resolve community needs. Rather than going through a boot camp style police academy, our new patrol members would have degrees in sociology or mental health.

We could still contract with the Sheriff for jailing and investigative services. The station would remain open and continue to serve West Hollywood and Universal City. It would just that we would have a less militarized, gender-balanced organization trained to deal with the more mundane issues that confront us in West Hollywood. We could have assigned street beats so each neighborhood would know the folks who are patrolling. Law enforcement officers with intimate community ties would operate like a fish in water. I suspect that we could enhance public safety while saving millions of dollars. Our community reforms could inspire pro-active changes within the Sheriff’s Department and law enforcement across thesState.

I don’t claim to have a fully developed blueprint for change; obviously there are plenty of good ideas out in the community that could morph into a coherent plan to launch a new direction in law enforcement. But if we dismiss radical restructuring out of hand, we will miss a historic opportunity.

West Hollywood is a brave and progressive community. If the community leads, City Hall will have to follow.

  1. I am very pro police, but anytime I have seen the Sheriff in action here, they are lazy, dont want to do their job and try to kiss of taking a report. They need some BIG accountability to have my support.

  2. What would happen if that drunk did have a teaser and fired it upon the officer who then collapsed to the ground in convulsions and the drunk picked up the sheriffs gun and shot him? These are the things you don’t think about. The safest way for an individual not to get shot by the police is to not point a weapon at them. We need more policing not less. Look at our streets now compared to what they used to look like 20 years ago. City Of West Hollywood like every other West Coast city is going in the crapper. Meanwhile The city wants to raise our taxes to study the sheriffs department. Unbelievable

    1. Exactly. And I’m tired of hearing that guy was shot for “sleeping in his car.” No, he was shot after assaulting both officers and pointing a weapon at them. And why is it that all the responsibility of how an incident goes down is only on the police? Once someone resists, adrenaline starts pumping on both sides and things can go south pretty quick. Most of the mistakes made by police would not have been made if the suspect just cooperated. And it sure is easy to sit back and watch the video and say, well, I would have done this, or I would have done that. You don’t know exactly what you will do when a 6’ 220 pound man starts wailing on you. And you should hope to never find out,

  3. WeHo City Council needs to test this first. Every (in-person) City Council meeting meeting has had an armed deputy. No more. Let the City Council meetings be protected by a less militarized, gender-balanced organization. 

    Every big event in WeHo attended by City Council members they’re usually protected by armed deputies. Even the Pride parade, City Council has a couple armed deputies walking along side the float. No more.

    If they’re not willing to disarm their bodyguards, ask them why?

    1. I happen to know that for at least the past 20 years the council has been afforded free protection by unpaid reserve deputies, one of which lives right in the neighborhood. In all that time there has not been an incident involving those deputies. But sure, get rid of these volunteers because of some brutality cases by officers halfway across the country. As for the parade, there are a number of gay officers who march. Should they be banned from participating also? And please tell me how the LASD is not gender balanced? The level of stupidity in our quest these days to be “Progressive” is quite staggering.

      1. To your point, City Council-members are protected by armed deputies at both the Council Meetings and during the Pride parade.

        If the City Council wants law enforcement conducted by “professionals that are lightly armed or even unarmed to patrol our streets”, then let it start with their meetings and events. At most of the city sponsored events where the City Council attend, they will have armed deputies hired. Disarm their bodyguards.

  4. Wow I read your lame article. West Hollywood sheriffs are well funded. So What? You should act like an actual adult. As a Latino my experiences with The West Hollywood Sheriffs have been great. I’ve seen them at pride events and Halloween having fun with the crowds. What are you really angry about ? – perhaps “Imagine” not being an idiot. 

    “case of the intoxicated man who in Georgia who fell asleep in his car while in a Wendy’s drive through” – where is the Wendys in West Hollywood ?

    You bring up shi# from 1984 as if…

    Lastly – you seem to have a lot of insight on how people should act around tense situations. Go walk a day in their shoes. It’s easy to back seat drive – after the fact, but, what have ever really done?

    You should be a Weho Sherif – Problem solved. 

  5. Maybe we should kick out the Sheriffs and put up barricades and call ourselves WHAZ for weho autonomous zone. Then when we all start killing each other over A shortage of gluten free power bars, we can form our own untrained police force to regain peace. What could go wrong?

  6. Great opinion piece to help push this discussion forward. Well done! The level of police response to the minor peace disruptions in our village is overkill to the point of ridiculousness. Let us seize this opportunity in the greater discussion to make real changes to our law enforcement so that we can lead, as we’ve done so often.

  7. Supposedly he grabbed an officer’s taser and tried to run away. He was shot and killed because the officer thought the man might taser him. That is assuming a drunk could figure out how to use a taser.

    You must not have watched the same video I did. You see, if you watch carefully, he actually DID grab the officer’s taser, he DID run away, and he DID use the taser, discharging the taser in the officer’s direction.

    That was all after fighting two officers, by the way.

    But, technicalities. Who has time for those?

    This article is written by someone who very clearly has a bias against law enforcement, and has clearly never spent a day in the boots of a cop. How about you go on a ride-along and see the types of “calls of service”, you know, those things concerned citizens ask for when they call 911, to see what it’s really like.

    Deputies respond in force because many of those situations you mentioned in your article are fluid situations, meaning they can change at any given moment. Responding to a call for service about a homeless man with a knife could turn into an assault on a passer-by, or an assault on the cop when he arrives. Let’s not pretend that doesn’t happen, particularly in WeHo. Axe-man, anyone?

    I, for one, thank and appreciate the Deputies for the work that they do.

  8. Worthwhile ideas, Steve. As a younger guy it’s useful to learn about our previous captains and local challenges. “Quality of life” does better describe most “public safety” issues that WHSD is tasked with. The MET team is a starting point, community embedded interventions are the long term solution.

  9.  “even unarmed to patrol our streets, much as our Security Ambassadors”
    These men and women have done an amazing job!!
    Their mere presence has made the streets safer. They are polite, helpful and really feel like a part of the community. They have been a major deterence to crime and criminals on the Eastside.

    1. We haven’t seen any of them on the west side. Send them over. In the meantime we need more policing not less.

  10. West Hollywood Sheriff’s Dept. has rotating officers that have zero understanding of the community they serve. That was one of the reasons we supported our OWN police dept. when voting to have a city.
    The first group of politicians LIED…diverted the money to feel good projects and big salaries.

    Having the Sheriff here was a mistake from the get go.

  11. Is this the Graduating Class of 140+ IQ Philosophy Majors with a Minor in Etiquette who have also studied Spirituality Oriented Martial Arts?

  12. Thanks for your thoughts
    First I never did understand why so many sheriffs run to a small problem. They can call for back up. Even car accidents in LA I was lucky to get One officer
    Second I have rarely gotten a sheriff to come to my calls let alone being mugged but I got the best of him. But the fireworks firecrackers last night no sleep.
    Third I like the safety police for help homeless and I have no idea who really givers out moving violations. Walking dog is like doing the samba or mamba? Cars running lights and stop signs as well as bikes and scorers and skateboarders
    Yes share the small side walk but try stopping at stop signs.

    Who really monitors traffic violations. In Malibu boy sheriffs profiled to give out citations and did dui checkpoints cool. Very good but when the ask me to step out to see my new car I was a bit freaked out

    Man one gets a ticket when meters obscure the time. Since one is 8 minutes and one quarter will be 7 minutes. The parking metering personnel twice gave me on poorly visible time. And then they change them. But hey let that car go through a red light. Excellent.

    At night Sweetzer’s Speedway is absurd.

    Yep it’s easier to send every body to a robbery then two? While others immediately start roaming the streets. Or all stopped for a. Small fender bender. Waste

    I have more. But we waste money and problems get worse. If they don’t show up they don’t have to write it up. Statistics

  13. I to have seen five sheriffs cars pull up to deal with a homeless man urinating on the side of City Hall and Gelsons. The ideas of more community policing contained in this article are a most excellent starting point. We should be paying the sheriffs department less money and putting those funds towards some of these ideas.

    1. Hey Art! Why didn’t you step in and tell the man to stop urinating on City Hall and Gelsons? Maybe offer him the use of your bathroom. Curious to see how that goes.

      1. I agree Jim! Next time a homeless person is urinating on someones lawn, i say go tell them to stop. Offer them a social service brochure. I personally have seen violent and mentally ill homeless on the streets. When they act out causing issues, the cops are the ones needed to deal with it. When one decides to go off on a social worker who will the social worker call??….the cops!

  14. We support the police. They are not the problem……in fact I’d support spending more on policing and less on parades and multi-million dollar parks for homeless.

    1. After hearing so many complaints over the years about the police being late or non-responsive, it seems odd to hear so many now complain of their over-responding.

      I don’t think we should ever expect police to arrive to a call unarmed as they can’t be sure of what they are getting into simply based on a call. The solution has to be having well trained, armed officers that only use weapons and force as a last resort. And of course, full transparency so when thing go awry, any misdeeds are brought clearly to light and those responsible are held accountable for any abuse of power.

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