(EDITOR’S NOTE: This story was written by journalists working with Crosstown ( LA by the Numbers), a non-profit organization associated with USC’s Annenberg School of Journalism that focuses on the City of Los Angeles and covers L.A. neighborhoods near the City of West Hollywood. It addresses questions WeHo residents have asked out our city’s high infection rate).
The most recent data on confirmed cases of COVID-19 show some alarmingly high rates in some of Los Angeles’s richest enclaves:Bel-Air,Beverly Crestand theHollywood Hillsall have infection rates over 100 per 100,000 residents, as of April 1.Hancock Park‘s rate is over 200. Middle and lower income areas such asHuntington Park,South ParkandBoyle Heights, meanwhile, all had rates under 25 per 100,000.
The numbers raise a question that is as much about wealth disparity as it is about health: Does the data show who is infected or who can afford to get tested?
Clusters of Wealth, Clusters of Cases
Crosstowncompared data on the location of confirmed coronavirus cases released by theLos Angeles County Department of Healthagainst population in order to see which areas have the highest rates of infection per 100,000 residents. We built a map to display our findings: many wealthy parts of the county have some of the highest rates.BrentwoodandPalos Verdes Estates, for example, both had a rateabove 100.
To be sure, there are also many middle and lower-income cities that are suffering as well. Neighborhoods such asWest AdamsandValley Village, for example, have high rates above 50 per 100,000, but do not have the super-high incomes ofBel-Air. The densest cluster of cases in the county is the upper middle classFairfaxdistrict, at 724 per 100,000 as of April 1.
The high infection rates in certain wealthy areas offers another piece of evidence to a debate that has raged around how the nation’s health system responded to the outbreak.
“One thing we do know is that there is a lot of selection with who is and isn’t tested, which are driving the numbers we see now,” said Robynn Cox, a professor of social work at the University of Southern California and a fellow at the USC Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics. “The larger numbers in affluent communities may be a result of the ability to pay a higher price to obtain testing.
Who Gets Tested
Concern about whether access to testing was skewed toward the wealthy first emerged several weeks ago, when a number of athletes and celebrities revealed they were infected. On March 17,the Brooklyn Netsannounced that four players had tested positive at a moment when New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo was decrying a critical shortage of tests in the state. New York CityMayor Bill de Blasioresponded to the news on Twitter, writing, “Tests should not be for the wealthy, but for the sick.”
On March 19,the Lakersannounced that two of their players also had the virus.
The Medical Board of California has opened a review of so-called “concierge” doctors around LA who were offering their well-to-do clients access to the test at exorbitant prices, theLos Angeles Timesreported.
California in particular has suffered from a severe shortage of tests. As of March 27, New York had tested three times as many people as California,the Associated Press reported, though its population is half the size as the golden state’s.
On March 30, Los AngelesMayor Eric Garcetti announcedthat, so far, the city had tested 6,741 people for the virus, but he hoped to double that number in four days.
Rationing the Kits
As more testing becomes available, some of the initial results, which tilted toward higher rates in wealthier areas, might also flatten out. For the moment, however, the health authorities in Los Angeles have placedstrict criteriaon who should be tested, rationing the kits first to those who are 65 or older, are showing flu-like symptoms and have been exposed to another person who is confirmed to have COVID-19.
Katherine Tangalakis-Lippert, a graduate student of journalism at USC who lives in Simi Valley, first showed symptoms of COVID-19 on March 17. By that point, Tangalakis-Lippert, who has asthma, had a chronic cough and was short of breath. She eventually visited an emergency room on March 29. After she tested negative for strep and pneumonia, doctors swabbed her for COVID-19. Her test results will take a week, however, as a backlog in the state has led toexcruciatingly long wait times. In the meantime, she is recuperating at home.
“I honestly don’t know what normal is in this pandemic,” Tangalakis-Lippert said. “In this case, I don’t think it’s good that the waiting period is a week.”
According toVox’s report of testing by state, 90,657 people had been tested for COVID-19 in California as of March 30. The Los Angeles County of Department of Public Health informed Crosstown that as of March 29, over 15,500 people have been tested in the county alone.