The mix of crimes in West Hollywood has changed over time as the overall number of serious crimes has declined. That’s according to a new analysis by WeHo by the Numbers of 30 years of crime statistics from California’s Office of the Attorney General and sheriff’s reports.
Crime in the city dropped 63% overall between 1986 and 2015, based on the number of reported Part 1 crimes. Each of the different types of crime also declined, but by different amounts. So the mix of crimes changed over the period. By 2015, some types of crime were a bigger share of the smaller total. Other types were a smaller share, because they declined more than 63%.
The biggest changes were in the mix of property crimes, including thefts, burglaries and grand theft auto. Thefts went from 43% of total crime in 1986 to 65% in 2015. The actual number of thefts dropped 45% over this period, but other crimes dropped more, so thefts made up a bigger part of the smaller total. These theft numbers include vehicle burglaries.
The accompanying chart splits thefts into those with a value of $400 or less and those with a value exceeding $400. The split was estimated for 2015. $400 used to be the limit between petty theft and grand theft. The limit was raised to $950 in 2010.
In 1986, about two out of five thefts were valued at more than $400. In 2015, roughly half were. That may be due in part to inflation.
Unlike theft, grand theft auto was a much smaller share of crime in 2015 than in 1986. At first, its share rose from 17% in 1986 to a plateau of 20% in 1989, 1991, 1992 and 1993. Then it started falling, reaching 5% in 2015.
Both residential and commercial (non-residential) burglary have gone up and down, but were a significantly smaller share of crimes in 2015 than in 1986. Residential burglary’s share declined from a high of 16% in 1986 to 6% in 2015. Commercial burglary’s share was at 11% in 1986. It rose quickly to 20% in 1990, then was cut in half the next year. It has been up and down since, reaching 6% in 2015.
Taken together over the 30-year period, violent crimes were a fairly stable share of all crimes. Violent crimes include strong-arm robbery, armed robbery, aggravated assault, rape and homicide. The percentage moved up and down but stayed within a range of 16% to 20%. It was 18% on average and 17% in 2015. The two exceptions were 1986 (the first year of available data) and 2013. In both years, violent crimes were only 13% of the total.
Among violent crimes, armed robbery’s small 4% share in 1986 got smaller by 2015 (2%). In between, it peaked at 8% in 1993.
Aggravated assault was a larger share of crime in 2015. It was 10% in 2015 versus 6% in 1986. However, the share in 1986 was unusually low, so 1986 may not be a helpful base year. Comparing the first half of the 30-year period to the second half, aggravated assaults went from 9% of crimes to 10%, a much smaller change.
To find out how West Hollywood’s crime mix compares to Beverly Hills, Culver City, Los Angeles, and Santa Monica, please see the Weho by the Numbers article: How have the types of crime in West Hollywood changed?